LCBS 50th Anniversary Tour: Part 4

Sunday 17th October 2021

A surprise ending

And so to the fourth and final quadrant of our London encirclement commemorating last year’s fiftieth anniversary of the much missed London Country Bus Services.

We’d journeyed from Gravesend to Dorking; Dorking to Amersham and Amersham to Bishops Stortford and Friday saw the circle completed by travelling from Bishops Stortford through Harlow, Epping, Ongar, Brentwood, Romford, Lakeside and Grays to Tilbury ending with a wonderful surprise before crossing the Thames on the small passenger ferry back to our starting point in Gravesend.

We were delighted to be joined on this final quadrant not only by Bill Hiron the man behind Rochford based Stephensons and sister company Wickford based NIBS, but also the much respected Roger Bowker whose distinguished career in the industry included managing director of East London Buses during its original ownership by Stagecoach before overseeing a number of exciting projects for Sir Brian Souter. Editor of Buses Worldwide, the much travelled and knowledgeable Malcolm Chase, also joined us. So we were quite a crowd.

Team Part 4: (with me were) Roger Bowker, Peter Bradley, Malcolm Chase, Mike Best, Ray Stenning, Stuart Jones, Andrew Braddock and Bill Hiron.

Bishops Stortford was the north eastern outpost of London Country where routes 350/A arrived from Little Hadham in the west along with the 386, which we journeyed in on to end Part 3, and routes 396 and 397/A from Harlow to the south as well as Green Line route 720 from Aldgate.

Routes 350/A were wonderful Hertfordshire bus routes reaching as far south as New Barnet where they terminated alongside the railway station with routes 303/A from Hitchin and 306 from Watford and Leavesden. Sadly only Metroline route 84 to St Albans and truncated TfL route 107 to Edgware now recreate that once green north London terminus.

Today’s route network in Bishops Stortford owes much to the popularity of nearby Stansted Airport opened in 1991, which obviously didn’t feature in the LCBS 1970s era.

Our first journey was on Arriva’s 508/509/510 which take three different routes between the airport and Bishops Stortford but then provide an attractive ten minute frequency between Bishops Stortford via Sawbridgeworth down to Harlow. We’re pretty sure that’s much more frequent than in LCBS days.

The four year old Enviro200 buses used on the service were introduced in the days when Arriva still embraced route branding and come with rather unusual panels on the roof, which I’m not sure many people take note of, but it probably seemed like a whacky idea at the time.

We caught the 09:13 departure from what’s called ‘Bishops Stortford Interchange’ but is actually a bus stop and shelter opposite the station exit with incomplete departure information including a complete lack of any reference to Harlow bound buses. Luckily Roger Bowker had asked a bus driver on a previous journey and got confirmation of where to board.

It was a busy journey with around 25 passengers admittedly including the nine of us, as well as a wheelchair user and buggy and youngster.

At 09:45 we reached Harlow. Harlow became an important town for London Country being one of the growing post war New Towns and sported a complex town bus network and bus garage which is still used by Arriva. Green Line route 718 started here on its cross London journey to Windsor and the already mentioned route 720 passed through, while orbital route 724 still begins its journey to Heathrow Airport here.

I’m going to spare you the gory details of the dire state of the town’s bus station this time, as I’ve covered this in previous blogs, but suffice to say even though Aylesbury put up a sterling effort we’ve awarded Harlow top prize in the Most Uncared For Bus Station award category of our Tour. I’ll explain why in another blog, another time.

For now, let’s just say 25 minutes was plenty time enough to get depressed at the sheer awfulness of it all and we were soon on our way on our next leg, taking TrustyBus Central Connect branded route 420 via Epping to Ongar.

In those heady LCBS days fifty years ago, this journey would have been in the hands of route 339 and would have taken us onward as far as Brentwood. Indeed from Epping to Brentwood the route still gets to see green RTs and RFs operating as route 339 with the London Bus Company’s timetable in conjunction with the Epping Ongar Railway (see earlier photo). Sadly they weren’t on the road on Friday so we had to make do with the 420.

It’s been a hotly contested route over the last decade or so of unstable bus competition in the Harlow area but this now seems to have subsided with the route now running every half hour between Harlow and North Weald (numbered 420A) and hourly extensions to Ongar (numbered 420) with extra journeys in the peaks to make for an almost 20 minute frequency between Harlow and North Weald. We pretty much doubled the number of passengers on board our journey as far as North Weald and then had exclusive use of the bus.

There was a bit of a problem with the driver refusing to accept those in our group with an Essex Day Saver ticket purchased on the Arriva 509 bus with an adamant insistence Arriva tickets weren’t valid on TrustyBus. We stood our ground explaining equally forcibly they were valid and I’m pleased to say he realised the weight of insistence of who was right was not on his side.

We’d caught the 10:10 from Harlow being a former London United Scania and travelled on it via Epping all the way to Ongar where it was time for a prolonged refreshment stop to fortify ourselves for an intense afternoon’s travelling with minimal breaks between journeys.

Ongar of course was famous not only for being the north eastern most outpost of the London Underground with the famous shuttle to Epping on the Central Line closing in 1994 (now wonderfully preserved as the Epping Ongar Railway) but also the northern terminus of LT Central Area red bus route 175 which ran (albeit in sections) all the way to Dagenham until modified in 1973 and after renumbering (as 247B) and cut back to Romford and then to three days a.week, was finally withdrawn in 1982.

The southern section of former route 339 between Ongar (or to be more precise Chipping Ongar as it’s officially called) and Brentwood is now in the hands of the already mentioned Wickford based operator NIBS.

We caught the 13:01 from Ongar which took us via Kelvedon Hatch, site of the famous Secret Bunker, now open to the public and a fascinating visit it is too, to Brentwood’s High Street.

It was a very smartly turned out former Alexander Dennis demonstrator Enviro 200 expertly driven and with a supply of bright coloured timetable leaflets for routes operated in the Brentwood area by NIBS .

Route 21 is a commercially operated hourly ‘one bus in steam’ route rounding nicely in an hour (traffic conditions permitting). We outnumbered the half a dozen passengers taking the ride with us down to Brentwood.

Slow moving traffic into Brentwood meant a tight connection on to our next journey but thankfully the Stagecoach operated TfL route 498 pulled out from its terminal point at Brentwood’s Sainsbury’s just behind us as we passed by so we managed a slick transfer at the next stop in the High Street.

This next section of our Tour between Brentwood and Romford was famously always marked with a dotted line on the old London Transport Country Area bus maps as there were no green bus routes between the two locations and passengers were advised to either catch “Central Bus routes 87, 287 or Green Line Coach route 721”.

Route 721 was famous for being one of the busiest and most frequent Green Line routes between Brentwood and Aldgate and LCBS inherited a fleet of RCLs (Routemaster Coach Long) from London Transport to operate it. However the parallel electrified railway effectively killed it off and the other route which ran regularly between Brentwood and Romford, Eastern National’s 351, suffered a similar fate.

Today’s equivalent “Central Bus route”, TfL’s route 498, effectively replaced route 351, being introduced unusually on Boxing Day 2005, and now runs every twenty minutes between Sainsbury’s in Brentwood and Romford’s Queen’s Hospital. It was a busy journey but our driver made good progress once he’d left the traffic choked Brentwood High Street …

…. and we arrived in Romford in good time for our six minute connection on to our next journey.

Romford was regarded as an LT Central Area town and had a large garage in North Street which Stagecoach still use today. But LCBS also had a presence having inherited the small garage in London Road which exclusively provided buses for Green Line route 721. It closed in 1977.

From Romford we caught another TfL route which pretty much replicates the former London Country route 370 and still uses that same number running through Hornchurch, Upminster, North Ockendon and South Ockendon to Lakeside, although in LCBS days that retail emporium wasn’t even a glimmer in a land developer’s eyes so the route continued on to Grays and our ultimate destination, the Tilbury Ferry, although it was cut back to Tilbury’s Asda in August 1985. The following year, in June 1986, the 370 was rerouted on leaving Romford (running via Gidea Park and Emerson Park rather than Hornchurch Road) and didn’t do a double run to serve Upminster Station as it does now, having been introduced in September 1990, by which time it had been cut back to Grays from Tilbury. (I did write “it pretty much replicates”!)

The Overground shuttle train between Romford and Upminster caught leaving Emerson Park as we passed by.

Today’s route 370 runs every 15 minutes and is in the hands of Arriva based at its bus garage at Europa Park, Grays. We caught the 14:07 departure which was another busy journey with plenty of passengers boarding with us at the first stop at Mercury Gardens in Romford and lots of ons and offs as we continued through busy Friday afternoon traffic, especially through Hornchurch, to Lakeside.

For a time in LCBS days the route was uniquely operated with full height Bristol VRs operating from its Grays bus garage, which closed some years after LCBS’s demise, in 1993. Today’s vehicles are Wright Gemini 2 buses.

On our journey we noted the closer we got to Lakeside the more TfL’s bus stop plate route number displays were out of date which sadly is all too typical of the sloppy presentation that once proud organisation now offers especially in the outer reaches of its network. It would never have happened in our team member, Peter Bradley’s, time at the helm in TfL.

After a very quick coffee and toilet stop at Lakeside (which, following closure of Debenhams alongside the bus station, now involves a longer walk to enter the shopping centre) we continued eastwards towards Grays and Tilbury on our final two legs of our Tour on Ensignbus operated route 73, leaving at 15:20.

The bus station at Lakeside is dominated by the smart blue and grey buses of the award winning and much admired Ensignbus alongside TfL routes 370 snd 372 (to Hornchurch via Rainham).

We were lucky to have a brand new ‘71’ plate Wright StreetDeck – one of a batch of more than a dozen buses now in the Purfleet based operator’s fleet. It gave a very smooth ride on what proved to be an incredibly busy journey with both shoppers, workers and a large number of school children travelling home boarding and alighting throughout the journey.

We reached Grays bus station along the route just a couple of minutes down but heavy post-school-turning-out-time traffic and a very long traffic queue at a set of traffic lights in Chadwell St Mary saw us get significantly delayed on the next section of route.

We’d been impressed to see a full timetable book available to pick up as we’d boarded which complete with coloured route diagram enabled us to keep check on our journey’s progress with concern mounting whether we’d make our 18 minute connection to our last journey of the Tour, route 99 from Tilbury’s Civic Square to the ferry pier.

As already mentioned Grays was home to an LCBS bus garage as well as a small network of routes which linked neighbouring Rainham and Tilbury and was the eastern terminus of Green Line route 723 to Aldgate which sadly withered on the vine before withdrawal like the 721.

Ensignbus came to the local bus scene from their base at Purfleet, famous in the industry for its huge bus refurbishment and sales business as well as an amazing collection of much loved vintage buses and an involvement in previous decades in London’s sightseeing business.

Run by the ever passionate and business astute Newman family with Dad Peter still enthusiastically at the helm as Chairman together with sons Ross and Steve, they spotted a gap in the local bus market not being served properly by Arriva and the rest, as they say, is history. Arriva are long gone from the local network and Thurrock residents enjoy an award winning bus service.

It’s typical of the kindness and thoughtfulness of the Newman family that they’d been tracking our Tour progress on Friday and knowing the 15:20 route 73 journey from Lakeside we caught gets a canning from school kids and traffic congestion to say nothing of the imopact of delays on the nearby Dartford Crossing and M25 …

… they laid on a special back up treat at Civic Square to take us to the ferry.

As our brand new ‘71’ plate route 73 pulled into Civic Square 18 minutes late at 16:14 we needn’t have worried about catching the 16:14 departure on route 99 as, waiting to greet us, was Peter Newman, son Steve and other Ensignbus staff with their wonderfully preserved Green Line liveried RT3232 ready to take us down to the ferry rather than the normal branded Enviro200 used on the route.

It really was a wonderful surprise and provided a very fitting climax to our LCBS 50th Anniversary Tour, enabling us to complete our Polo mint travels on one of the finest bus types to operate in that Company’s fleet.

The RT was superbly driven and followed the normal service bus …

… via the Town station where we bid farewell to Bill Hiron and then via the large Asda in Tilbury where some stand time is taken before arriving at the ferry precisely on time at 16:35.

There was just enough time for a commemorative photo with Peter Newman to mark the occasion and express our grateful thanks for his family’s characteristic generosity ….

…. before catching the 16:42 ferry across the River Thanes and back to our starting point in Gravesend.

It’s now time to reflect on how things have changed in the former LCBS area compared to fifty-one years ago – for the better and for the worse – and I’ll write about such thoughts in a future blog based on our travel experiences over this four day Tour.

Mean time thanks for reading these Tour write ups, thanks to my fellow travel companions, and thanks again to the legend that is Peter Newman and sons Steve and Ross (who despite being on holiday had a major hand in inspiring Friday’s surprise).

Roger French

27 thoughts on “LCBS 50th Anniversary Tour: Part 4

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  1. Wonderful to see pictures of my first mentor/MD of my now long bus industry career in the shape of Roger Bowker who I’ve not come across for many years! I must say that you are looking very well and not that much different to my days under his guiding hand at Eastbourne Buses (1987-1988) and East London Buses (1989-1991)!! Thank you for inspiring me and for everything you taught me, which I’ve repeatedly put into practice in my many roles since those early days and of course as MD of Safeguard Coaches for the last umpteen years. If you are ever in the Guildford area please look me up – it would be good to meet again.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Update on Arriva Gulford Garage Closure

    Joint statement from Falcon Coaches and Arriva

    We have today released a joint statement with Arriva announcing that we are in advance stages for Falcon Coaches, the Surrey based bus & coach operator, to take over Arriva’s bus operations in Guildford later this year.

    Discussions between us remain on-going. We will continue to work closely with Surrey County Council and with trade union partners and Guildford employees looking to safeguard jobs and secure on-going bus services for the local community.


  3. As always a fascinating read Roger, good to see so many familiar faces. This one brought back early memories for me as an Upminster lad. The 370 (plus the 86, 722 and Eastern National 15) went past my first primary school where I spent far too much time watching buses from the classroom window in the early 60s. There’s a fence blocking the view today! The Upminster – Emerson Park (Halt) – Romford train service was threatened with closure by Dr Beeching but it survived and thrived, eventually becoming part of the TfL rail network. The RT operated 722 (Aldgate – Ilford – Upminster, Corbets Tey) was extended from Corbets Tey to Dartford in 1963 when the Dartford tunnel opened so that would have enabled you to complete your tour by bus. Sadly it wasn’t a success and within a few years it had been cut back and replaced through the tunnel by the 399 which was operated by a GS which looked very out of place in the tunnel, but even that didn’t last long.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Should there be another award… for the ECC Essex Saver ticket as the most unpublicised multi-operator ticket in the country? I had arguments with both First who insisted it’s “the same” as their FirstDay, and a driver for an unnamed company who forcefully informed me that Essex County Council “get everything wrong” (albeit not the first time I’ve heard that) and that EVERYTHING [his emphasis] on their website is a pack of lies. Being only a sole traveller (rather than 9) I lost the argument both times. Like most people, I don’t try the buses any more.


  5. Essex Savers do sell in reasonable volumes so should be well known to operators and drivers. In the event of non-acceptance or issue it really is important (in the first instance) to raise the matter with the company concerned


  6. Lakeside isn’t the only out of town shopping centre to fall that fate: the White Rose Centre in Leeds has a bus interchange that’s directly outside a former Debenhams anchor unit; with the erstwhile department store’s departure from the physical retail realm, access to it becomes a lot more inconvenient.


  7. Regarding the above comment about White Rose station issues, this is set to be permanent because by the looks of things the external entrance from the new M&S unit will be at the car park side rather than the bus station side. Can’t see them having 3 entrances as that’ll only be a magnet for the local shoplifters. Makes a lot of sense to move that entrance anyway as it’s only used as a short cut into the centre for the local rif raf, can hardly see any of the Middleton benefit brigade stopping off at M&S for their weekly shop on the way to the bus station lol.


  8. Mention of LCBS Bristol VRs on the 370 reminds me of the one and only time I saw one and it has an Ensignbus connection.
    I was on a trip to organised by a good friend of mine at Tyne & Wear PTE in Newcastle to Showbus using one of their dual purpose seated Atlanteans. It was of course the year it was relocated to be held at Ensign’s Purfleet premises. On the return journey passing through scenery consisting of some very large electricity pylons not far from Purfleet I managed a quick photo of one of the VRs as it sat in a bus stop layby. Not long after they were all transferred away, to Bristol if memory serves me correctly.


  9. I have also had trouble using the Essex ticket on independent operators around Harlow. But did have one even worse experience. This was when Carters (based in Suffolk) ran routes from Colchester. Info on the Essex web site was not the best about validity, but with some listed exceptions, said it was valid on any bus service in Essex, and could even be used beyond the Essex border, as long as you boarded or alighted in Essex. The Carters driver was having none of it, and flatly refused to permit me aboard, despite me having a print out of the Essex web site, that he refused to look at. On my insistence, he rang Carters office, but they also said it was not valid. With no other option, I agreed to pay (with intention of sending it off to Essex to sort out), but he flatly refused to allow me to, calling me a fare evader, and not someone he was willing to have on his bus. Obviously I complained in writing to both Carters and Essex County Council, but neither even bothered to acknowledge my complaint, let alone reply. Back in the day when buses had to carry farecharts, any ticket acceptance details would have been clearly listed. Indeed, I was under the impression that it was still a legal requirement to carry a farechart, but if it is, then hardly any bus companies ever adhere to this.


    1. That rings a (very) loud bell. My experience was with Carters too. I just hope new owner Ipswich Buses have sorted things out. If Operators can exclude services at will as seems to happen in practice (whatever the law says) , and the information is missing or out of date on the Web, how are passengers supposed to know? Mind-reading, I suppose. However, I have some sympathy with small operators. How the heck are they reimbursed for commercial services, without incurring massive bureaucracy, apparently beyond the councils’ ability.
      The problem happens in much-better Herts too.

      Just one regret, that for worst bus station in the East, it was out of scope to visit Hertford, or Colchester for a better, and larger, example!

      Liked by 1 person

  10. In the case of Intalink . . . the principle is that “the revenue stands where it falls”; so if Mullany’s Buses sells an Explorer ticket, then they retain the revenue, and all other operators should accept the ticket. In practice, the number of tickets sold (pre-Covid) is tiny when compared with sales of all tickets, so the total revenue involved is also tiny.
    Drivers can sometimes get very protective of “their” revenue . . . but there is no excuse for lack of information provided to them. It is one of the downsides of the independent sector . . . drivers usually receive no supervision, and are left to “sort it out” themselves . . . so it is not surprising that mistakes will happen.


    1. Understandable, but isn’t that the problem with this grandstanding bus better? If an operator never sells an Interlink/Saver why should they know about them, and more to the point isn’t it human nature, why should they be bound to accept them? All it’s doing is helping the competition to their fare income. Brilliant business… not.


      1. Perhaps rather than a Small Operator Appreciation Day, we want to drive them out of the business? Will the “big boys” show their appreciation to the politicians in the traditional manner?


  11. Another excellent read, Roger!

    The Bishop’s Stortford Interchange stop (yes, singular!) is currently a temporary arrangement and a much more fitting facility will form part of the adjacent development on the same site as the old interchange. Unfortunately, this project has being delayed due to a major hotel chain pulling-out of the development and thus requiring something of a rethink on the part of the developers.

    I will ask the team to make sure all the departure information is present and correct, so thanks for this bit of info. The contractors are currently on a marathon job updating hundreds of bus stops across the County, so it’s quite possible new panels will be displayed in the coming weeks.

    Incidentally, the Stansted Airport to Harlow routes are the 508, 509 and 510 and not as stated,


    1. Many thanks Dan and explaining the plans for Bishops Stortford – good to hear and thanks for arranging the information to be added to the bus stop in the interim. Not sure how I managed to include the wrong route numbers – now updated, thanks for spotting that.


  12. Unlees the law has changed buses legally have to carry a fare chart but this can be a printout from the ticket machine although whether the drivers have a clue about this who knowns If youi have a more unsual ticket most are clueless about them so are likly to go to the default its not valid mode


  13. Just to add my two penneth here. Once again, thanks to Roger and the chaps for contributing to a very enjoyable read.

    I have had recent experience of the delights of Harlow bus station. I am a connoisseur of dreadful bus stations and associated terminii over the years and, to be honest, many of the worst offenders have thankfully been consigned to history e.g. the old Eldon Square bus stn in Newcastle, Talbot Road in Blackpool, etc. It makes places like Harlow even more conspicuous in their continued existence. The council (either Harlow or Essex CC) doesn’t care and the two main operators are so poor, they have no appetite for doing anything to improve a parlous situation. It is frankly one of the worst, most depressing places I’ve waited for a bus for a long time, and the bus services are a shambles of shabby, poorly turned out tat.

    Incidentally, I had a similar incident with Trustybus. Intalink Explorer (issued by Arriva) was proferred but the Eastern European driver was insistent that they didn’t accept Arriva tickets on the 410. With a language barrier and just me to argue the point, I simply gave up. Not the drivers’ fault but one of training (or lack of) by Trustylleon Connect.


  14. Roger – thank you for this great series. I hope you will write it up as an article in ‘Buses’….not least to give credit to Ensignbus for such a generous and typical act – a positive conclusion showing that you can be both a ‘passionate and business astute’ operator. I was looking forward to your critique of Harlow Bus Station though! But I think you have got you EN …51s a little muddled. It was the 251 that ran between Brentwood and Romford (on its way to Wood Green), whereas the 498 did effectively replace the last man standing on that road, the 351. Thanks Graham

    Liked by 1 person

  15. Perhaps just one final comment. Harlow would not win any beauty parade. But, away from this blog, as Roger admits, is that all that matters? As another boring Hertfordshire town put it, a town is its people. And the bus drivers at Harlow are one of the friendliest bunch I’ve come across anywhere despite, perhaps, their working environment. Don’t they get any credit for that? So perhaps bus stations aren’t any different. To normal people, at least.


    1. Friendly maybe, try to photograph their bus. I have only had one problem, but friends have had so much trouble in Harlow specifically over the years.


      1. I know that’s something that can turn a lot of “normal” people into irrational monsters! Including, formerly, me; I have to shamefully admit! Maybe though they’re not particularly proud of their environment either?

        Liked by 1 person

      2. The other thing is I think, my experience is that Essex (and East Anglia) are still, in many ways, old-fashioned. They haven’t caught on that in the age of mobile phones and surveillance tech, images are nothing. In the “old days” you asked for permission, and demurred. In wasn’t as though you wouldn’t get another opportunity. Now, immediacy is the thing. I think of the old-fashioned as rather quaint, if sometimes a bl**d’y nuisance!

        Liked by 1 person

  16. Whilst the “new, electrified railway” did play a part in killing off the 721, the overnight change from supremely comfortable and fast RCL double-deck coaches to one-man RPs also played a major part. Even then, those who designed buses clearly never used them! Thus the seats, whilst reasonably comfortable, were totally flat, instead of being tipped at an angle, thus ensuring anyone over 4′ 11″ had absolutely no leg room whatsoever. A few years later, after mechanical unreliability, the horror was compounded by RPs being replaced by Leyland Nationals with standard “plastic” bus seats. It was akin to witnessing the slow-motion deliberate murder of a once fantastic service, where peak five-minute headways had been the norm’ just a few years previously.


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